Panihati Chida-dahi Utsava

Panihati is the name of a village located in the state of West Bengal, on the banks of River Ganges (10 miles north of Kolkata). It was one of the leading trade centres in earlier days when the river route was the main means of communication. A special rice variety called Peneti was imported at this place from Jessore in East Bengal. Probably the name Panihati might have been derived from this trade connection. Once upon a time this place was the centre of worship of the Buddhist Tantrics and the Kapalikas. But later, in the sixteenth century, when Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu appeared to propagate the Sankirtana Movement, Panihati became a major centre of the Gaudiya Vaishnavas. The residential quarters of Sri Raghava Pandita (one of the associates of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu) still exists in Panihati.

The Festival of Punishment

The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Krishna, appeared as Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu at Sridhama Mayapura (a quarter in the city of Navadvipa) in Bengal, in the year 1486 AD. The purpose of His incarnation was to establish the Yuga-dharma – the congregational chanting of the holy names of the Lord. Lord Balarama appeared as Nityananda Prabhu, and many other eternal associates of the Lord appeared at that time to join His mission. Srila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami was one of them.

Srila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami was a devotee of the highest order. He displayed a spirit of renunciation and detachment from the material world at a very early age. He wanted to leave home and join Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in His mission. But Chaitanya Mahaprabhu asked him not to do so and assured that Krishna would deliver him soon from the clutches of maya. Two years later, Nityananda Prabhu came to Panihati and stayed there. Raghunatha dasa, who was staying in the nearby village of Srikrishnapura took permission from his father Govardhan Mazumdar and went to Panihati to meet Nityananda Prabhu.

srila raghunatha dasa goswami

At Panihati, he saw Nityananda Prabhu sitting on a rock under a banyan tree on the banks of the River Ganges. He was surrounded by many devotees. Raghunatha dasa was hesitant to approach the Lord and paid obeisances from a distance. But some of the devotees noticed him and informed Nityananda Prabhu. Nityananda Prabhu called Raghunatha dasa and said “Raghunatha dasa! You are hiding like a thief. Now I have caught hold of you. Come here. I shall punish you today.’’ Then Lord Nityananda forcibly caught him and put His lotus feet on Raghunatha’s head. He ordered Raghunatha to celebrate a big festival and serve all the devotees – with yogurt and chipped rice.

Raghunatha dasa immediately sent his men to the nearby villages to purchase all kinds of eatables. They brought chipped rice (chida), milk, yogurt, sweetmeats, bananas, sugar and other eatables. The chipped rice was soaked in milk. Half of that was then mixed with yogurt, sugar and bananas. The remaining half was mixed with condensed milk and flavoured with clarified butter and camphor. All the devotees received two earthen pots, one with chipped rice mixed with yogurt and another with chipped rice mixed with condensed milk.

The Chida-dahi Mahotsava is celebrated every year in commemoration of this wonderful pastime. This festival is also known as Danda Mahotsava (the Festival of Punishment). It is celebrated on the thirteenth day of the bright moon in the month of Jyeshta (May-June). To this day, pilgrims visit Panihati to celebrate the Chida-dahi Festival.

Hare Krishna Movement Mumbai celebrated the event on Sunday 16th June in Powai.

 

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The holy places visited by Lord Rama

During this year’s Rama Navami, let us go back in history and get a glimpse where Lord Ramachandra performed His pastimes, as recorded in Valmiki Ramayana.

Lord Rama, Sitadevi and Lakshmana in the forest

The Supreme Lord descended as Sri Ramachandra in Treta-yuga in order to deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to re-establish the principles of religion. Lord Ramachandra exemplified the characteristics of an ideal king for maintaining and protecting the highest culture of humanity. His exalted qualities and activities are always sung and relished by His devotees.

The great epic Ramayana narrates how Lord Rama was sent to the forest by His father Maharaja Dasharatha. Demonstrating the behavior of an ideal son, the Lord left for the forest obeying the order of His father, just when He was to be coronated as the king of Ayodhya.

The Lord along with His consort Sitadevi and younger brother Lakshmana entered the Dandakaranya forest to be in exile there for fourteen years. During their stay in the forest, Sitadevi was kidnapped by the demon Ravana, the King of Lanka. The Ramayana narrates the journey of Rama to Lanka in search of Sitadevi.

 

NASA satellite photo: The remains of the Rama Setu

There are hundreds of ancient monuments along the route that Sri Rama had taken from Ayodhya to Lanka and bear testimony to His presence even to this day. A photograph by the US Space Agency shows the remains of the ‘Setu’ (bridge) that He built between India and Sri Lanka. Sri Rama’s temples abound in every nook and corner of not only India but also in the whole of Aryavart of yore, which included Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, etc.

Several of the events mentioned in the Valmiki Ramayana have been authenticated by recent archaeological findings. His presence dates back to 9323 years as per the astronomical configurations described by Sage Valmiki in his Ramayana.

 

Iruppu Falls

Iruppu is a sacred spot in south Kodagu (Coorg) on the Brahmagiri range of hills. River Lakshmana-tirtha flows nearby. Rama and Lakshmana passed this way while searching for Rama’s consort, Sita. Rama asked Lakshmana to fetch some drinking water for Him. Lakshmana shot an arrow into the Brahmagiri hills and brought into being River Lakshmanatirtha.

The river descends perpendicularly into a great cataract known as the Iruppu Falls. This place is believed to possess the power to cleanse one’s sins and is visited by thousands of devotees from far and near on Shivaratri day. There is a temple dedicated to Sri Rama, surrounded by paddy fields, from where it is a climb up to the falls through a forest.

Ramanathapura Temple

At Ramanathapura, on the left bank of the Kaveri river, around 30 km from Kodagu, a huge rock looms out of the river. A Shiva temple stands on it. Known locally as Gogarbham, it is said that Sri Rama worshipped a shivalingam atop the rock to atone for the sin of killing Ravana.

In the village of Kattepura, which lies downstream, an ancient dam slows down the flow of the Kaveri. The dam, Jangamaghatte, was built 900 years ago by Jangamas or ascetics of the Lingayat sect. The stones, which are 1.2 m high, are precisely hewn and stacked. The river seeps slowly, almost wonderingly, through the stones as if Kaveri herself were amazed at this engineering feat achieved by a band of wandering holy men without the aid of modern technology.

The river cascades over a drop of 20 metres at Chunchanakatte (named after Chuncha, a tribal chieftain who built a dam here). The narrow gorge through which the Kaveri tumbles is called Dhanushkoti, after its better-known namesake at the southern tip of India. Sitadevi bathed in the river at this spot (named Siteya Bachchalu or Sita’s Bathing Place) and there is a shrine built by the locals to commemorate the event. On the river bank is a large temple of Kodandarama.

Rameshwaram

There are four dhamas, or kingdoms of God, which are Badrinath, Jagannath Puri, Rameshwaram and Dwaraka. Rameshwaram is located at the southeastern end of the Indian Peninsula. Rameshwaram is on an island, which is in the shape of a conch shell, in the Gulf of Mannar. The island is sanctified by the footprints of Lord Rama. It is said that Lord Rama bathed at Dhanushkodi, where the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean meet.

It is said that the Shiva-linga in the Ramanathaswami temple was installed by Sri Rama on His return to the mainland from the island of Lanka, after killing Ravana. Rama wanted to install a Shiva-linga in Rameshwaram to absolve Himself of the sin of killing Ravana, who was a Brahmin. Rama sent Hanuman to Mount Kailash to get the linga. Since Hanuman was late when the auspicious time for installation neared, Sita made a Shiva-linga out of sand. This linga was then installed by Rama and is known as the Rama-linga, because it was installed by Lord Rama.

At the time Hanuman came with the Shiva-linga from Mount Kailash, he was disappointed to find a linga already installed. Rama told Hanuman that he could remove the linga made by Sita and install the one he brought in its place. Hanuman took hold of the linga with his hands and could not move it. He then wrapped his tail around it and tried to pull the linga out, but it did not move. The linga is said to still have the marks of Hanuman’s tail on it. To pacify Hanuman, Rama had the linga he brought, the Vishwa-linga, installed alongside the Rama-linga. He ordered that puja (worship) be performed first to the Vishwa-linga, which is still being done today.

Gandhamadhana Parvatham

This two-storied temple is on a small hilltop, about 2.5 km northwest of the Ramanathaswami Temple. There is a set of Lord Rama’s footprints on a Chakra here and the small Ramjharoka Temple. There is a good view of the island from here. The place is called Vedaranyam. It is said that Hanuman made his great leap to Lanka from here.

Kothandaramswami Temple

There are Deities of Sri Rama, Sita, Lakshmana, Hanuman and Vibheeshana here. It is said that Vibheeshana, Ravana’s brother, surrendered to Lord Rama at this place. A series of paintings inside the temple tells the story. In 1964, a cyclone wiped out everything in the surrounding area. The only thing left was the temple. It is located about 8 km from the southernmost tip of the island going toward Dhanushkodi.

Dhanushkodi

This is the place where the bay meets the ocean. Pilgrims are supposed to bathe in the small lagoon here called Ratnakara. This is a place to offer sraddha to the ancestors. It is especially auspicious to bathe here in May. Dhanushkodi is about 20 km southeast of Rameshwaram. It is said that Lord Ramachandra destroyed a small bridge with His bow here at the request of Vibheeshana.

Darbha Sayanam and Adi Jagannatha Temple

Darbha Sayanam (Tirupallani, Pullanranyam) is where Sri Rama observed penance, lying on darbha grass here for three days. It is said that Adi Jagannatha appeared before Him, gave Him the weapon called Divya Chapa, and blessed Him with success.

Five km south of Darbha Sayanam at Adi Setu is the Adi Jagannatha Temple. The Deity of Sri Vishnu here is in a reclining posture on Sesha Naga. It is said that King Dasharatha, the father of Rama, came here to pray for a child, when all his wives were childless. Hindu couples still visit this temple to pray for children. The place where Lord Rama built His bridge is not far from here.

It is said that at the coastal town of Devi Patnam (Navapashanam) Lord Rama put nine stones standing upright in the shallow bay. They are supposed to represent the nine planets that He worshiped for success.

Other Places

There are many pastime places connected with the Ramayana in the area. There is a temple near the bridge that you cross to enter Rameshwaram where there is a floating rock. When Lord Rama went to Lanka with the monkey army, they crossed the ocean on a bridge of floating rocks. Near this temple, close to the bridge, are Lakshmana Teertham and Rama Teertham. Lord Rama is said to have bathed in these two tanks. Kodi Teertham is supposed to be a spring that Lord Rama created by shooting an arrow into the ground.

It is said that at Jata Teertham, Sri Rama washed His hair to get rid of any sins that He might have incurred in the battle at Lanka.

Kishkindha

The town of Anegundi, about 5 km from Hampi, is situated on the northern bank of the Tungabhadra River. Local people believe this to be the ancient place known as Kishkindha, where Rama met Hanuman and Sugriva. Also nearby Hampi is the Rsimukha Mountain mentioned in the Ramayana.

Kishkindha was ruled by monkey-chiefs – two brothers, Sugriva and Vali. After a quarrel with Vali, Sugriva along with Hanuman were driven out. They then went to stay at Matanga-parvata Hill. While searching for Sita, who had been kidnapped by Ravana, Rama and Lakshmana came south and met Sugriva and Hanuman. Rama killed Vali and restored the kingdom to Sugriva. While Hanuman went to search for Sita, it is said that Rama stayed at Malyavanta Hill, which is on the road to Kampili, about 6 km east of the Virupaksha Temple. There is a Ranganatha Temple here with a large Deity of Lord Rama.

On the way between Virupaksha Temple and Vitthala Temple there is a cave on the bank of the Tungabhadra river where Sugriva is said to have hidden Sita’s jewels for safety. There are marks and streaks on the rocks, which are said to have been made by Sita’s garments.

There is a huge mound of scorched ash in the nearby village of Nimbapuram that is said to be the cremated remains of Vali. The birthplace of Hanuman is said to be a little to the northwest.

Hazara Rama temple

The Hazara Rama Temple (one thousand Ramas) is believed to have been a private temple for the royal family and was originally called Hajana Rama, which in Telugu means the “palace temple”. It was originally dedicated to Lord Rama in the 15th century and contains many interesting sculptures of scenes from the Ramayana on the walls.

From the Virupaksha Temple of Lord Shiva along the path on the river bank toward the Vitthala Temple, there is a natural cavern marked with painted stripes where Sugriva is said to have hidden the jewels that Sita dropped after Ravana abducted her.

At the Kodandaram (bow-bearing Rama) Temple there are large Deities of Sita Rama and Lakshmana. It is opposite the bathing ghat. This is said to be the place where Rama crowned Sugriva as the monkey king.

The very ornate 16th century Vittala Temple is dedicated to Lord Vitthala, after the Deity in Pandharpur. It is on the southern bank of the Tungabhadra. It has musical pillars, which make different musical notes when struck. It is considered to be the most outstanding temple in Hampi.

The Virabhadra Temple is at Matanga Hill, where Lord Rama stayed.

Nasik

Nasik is a holy city located northeast of Mumbai (187km). Lord Rama stayed here for some time during His exile and Sita was carried off by Ravana from this place. Nasik is on the banks of the Godavari river, which flows to the Bay of Bengal. Lakshmana cut off the nose of Surnapaka, the younger sister of Ravana here. That is why this place has the name Nasik.

The Rama Kunda area is the main pilgrimage place in Nasik. This is where Rama and Sita used to bathe, so the tank is considered especially sacred. It is also called Asthi Vilaya Tirtha (Bone Immersion Tank) because bones dropped here dissolve. Lord Rama is said to have performed funeral rites in memory of His father, King Dasharatha.

Chitrakut

Lord Rama and Sita are said to have stayed in the forest here during Their 14 year exile. Chitrakut is by the border of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, south of Lucknow. It is 132 km south of Allahabad. Lord Rama and Sita lived here for 11 years of Their 14 year exile. Chitra literally means “beautiful” and kut means “mountain” so it means “the beautiful mountain”.

Bharat the brother of Rama came to Chitrakut and begged Rama to return to Ayodhya, but Rama would not disobey His father’s order. Rama stayed on Kamadgiri, which means the hill which can fulfill all desires.

Lord Rama would daily bathe in the river here. Sita’s footprints are said to be on the rocks at Janaki Kund, where Sita took bath.

IN AND AROUND AYODHYA

Guptar Ghat

Gupta means disappearance. It is said that Lord Rama disappeared at this spot. The three temples in the area are called Gupta Harji, Chakra Harji Vishnu and the Raja Mandir. In the Chakra Harji Vishnu Temple there is an imprint of Lord Rama’s feet.

Lakshman Ghat

This Ghat is situated on the bank of river Sarayu, named after Lakshmana. A Sahastradhara exists in its vicinity. It is believed that Lakshmana got reverted to his original divine nature at this place. There exists a small fort famous as Lakshmana Quila.

Ram Ghat

Ram Ghat situated on the bank of river Sarayu is also known as Ram Tirtha. According to Guru Vasishtha, whosoever bathes in the river Sarayu on Sri Rama Navami attains salvation. This is why the place is famous as Ram Tirtha.

Sita Ki Rasoi

Sita Ki Rasoi is situated near north-western corner of Janmasthan in Ramkot ward. In this temple, deities of the four brothers Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrughna along with their wives Sita, Urmila, Mandavi and Shrutikirti is installed. It is believed that after being married to Lord Rama, Sita cooked meals for Her family for the first time at this very place. Symbolic kitchen utensils are a point of attraction to the tourists.

Kausalya Bhawan

According to ancient beliefs, this building was constructed as a palace for Kausalya, the mother of Lord Rama.

Kanak Bhawan

Kanak Bhawan is one of the important temples in Ayodhya. It is a grand temple situated in Ramkot ward. It was constructed by the courtesy of Ram Priya Queen Shri Vrishbhanu Kunwari of Orchha in the district of Tikamgarh over 200 years ago!! In this temple, three divine deities of Rama, Sita and Lakshmana are installed.

It is believed that this Kanak Bhawan was presented to Sita by her mother-in-law Kaikeyi in her first meeting.

After many years, Maharaj Vikramaditya and thereafter Queen of Tikamgarh again reconstructed the temple. The birth-ceremony of Lord Rama and Shri Kishoriji is celebrated with great enthusiasm in the temple on Chaitra Shukla Navami and Vaishakh Shukla Navami respectively every year. In the yard of the temple, there is a well popularly known as Sita-koop. Devotees drink its sweet water. There is a bed-room in the upper portion of the temple in which foot-prints of the four brothers are kept on a thin leaf of silver.

Dharm Hari

There exists an ancient temple known as Dharm Hari near Ram ki Paidi. According to folklore, once Maharaja Dharm Raj visited Ayodhya and felt in his heart that this Vishnupuri is a blessed city, its significance is unparalleled.

Lord Vishnu was pleased with his frequent greetings in the name of Ayodhya; so, He graced him by making an appearance before him and instructed him to ask for a boon. Dharm Raj requested Lord Vishnu to be present in Ayodhya forever and be famed after His name and so established the temple of Dharm Hari. On Ashadh Shukla Ekadashi, devotees pray at this place to repent for their sins.

Maniparvat

It stands about 65 feet high, and some scholars think it to be of Buddhist origin. Historically, it was while Hanuman was carrying the hill bearing the Sanjeevani boothi (herb) for treating Lakshmana’s wounds from Himalayas, on the way to Lanka, a portion of it broke and fell in Ayodhya and this is that very mound.

Kale Ram Mandir

Kale Ram Mandir is situated near Ram ki Paidi in Swargdwar ward of Ayodhya city. It is enumerated in important temples of Ayodhya. The deity installed in this temple is of the period of Maharaj Vikramaditya. This place is worth seeing for devotees.

Tulsi Smarak Bhawan

Tulsi Smarak Bhawan is situated on Raiganj crossing, 300 meters to the east of National Highway. Goswami Tulasi Das ji began to compose Ram Charit Manas here. Motivated by the historical importance of the place, Shri Vishwanath Das ji, the then Governor of UP, ordered to construct a building here in the memory of Goswami Tulsi Das to be known as Tulsi Smarak Bhawan.

Hanuman Garhi is located in a fort situated at the western gate of Ram Kot as a place of a watchman. Hanuman ji is considered the Kotwal (watchman) of Ayodhya city.

King Vikramaditya constructed this temple of Hanuman ji. Later on, Nawab Mansoor Ali constructed a fort around the temple through Tikait Rai which is now famous as Hanuman Garhi. In this temple, a golden deity of Shri Hanuman ji in the lap of his mother Anjani is established.

For the management of Hanuman Garhi, there are four arrays of saints named as Haridwari Patti, Basantia Patti, Ujjainia Patti and Sagaria Patti. They have their own Chief as well as a principal Chief who is known as Gaddinashin.

Ratna Sinhasan

Ratna Sinhasan Mandir is located near Kanak Bhawan. It is said that Lord Rama was coronated at this very place. A deity of Lord Rama and his wife Sita, made of black stone is worth seeing here.

Lord Rama and Sita along with Lakshmana, Bharat, and Shatrughna are seated here on a throne decorated with gems in the shadow of Kalp vriksha. In its vicinity, idols of Jambavan, Vibhishan, Guru Vasishtha, Vishwamitra, Sugriva and Angada are established. At present, this place is famous as Rajgaddi.

Hanuman Bagh

It is said that Shri Ram Padarath Das, the main disciple of Shri Ram Vallabh Sharan Ji Vyas had planned to construct a Hanuman Temple for which the deity was brought from Jaipur and temporarily placed at a garden (Bagh).

Thereafter, when an attempt was made to shift the deity to its final place, it did not budge. As a result, the temple was constructed at that very place where it was initially and temporarily placed and is now known as temple of Hanuman Bagh.

Sita Kund

The place where Shri Ram used to come for a walk is known as Ashok Vatika. Sita Kund is situated within Ashok Vatika, and is a pilgrim centre. This was inaugurated by Shri Sita Ji herself. Annual Yatra of this Kund is practiced on Agrahayan Krishna Chaturdashi and Vaishakh Shukla Navami every year.

Vashishtha-Kund

Vashishtha Kund is situated near Chakra Tirtha in the city of Ayodhya. The great sage Vashishtha and his wife Arundhati resided here along with their cows. Kamdeo, the deity of kama, is also seated nearby. The fruit of bathing in the kund is attainment of knowledge like Vashishtha. The deities of Guru Vashishtha along with Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata, Shatrughana and Sita are here.

Dant Dhawan Kund is situated near Hanuman Garhi. It is said that Lord Shri Ram along with his brothers used to cleanse their teeth on the bank of this kund.

Lord Rama’s Victory over Ravana

After reaching Lanka, Lord Rama killed Ravana and installed his brother Vibhishana as the king of Lanka. On the expiry of fourteen years, after settling the affairs at Lanka, the Lord returned to His kingdom, Ayodhya and was coronated as the king.

 


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Sri Rama Ashtottara

 

Its Always recommended to chant Name of the Lord.

Do find below 108 auspicious names of Lord Sri Rama (Sri Rama Ashtottara Shata Namavali.

Chanting of these holy names will usher in peace & happiness in your life.

  1. om sri ramaya namah
  2. om sri rama bhadraya namah
  3. om sri rama candraya namah
  4. om sri sasvataya namah
  5. om sri rajiva locanaya namah
  6. om sri srimate namah
  7. om sri rajendraya namah
  8. om sri raghu pungavaya namah
  9. om sri janaki vallabhaya namah
  10. om sri jaitraya namah
  11. om sri jita mitraya namah
  12. om sri janardanaya namah
  13. om sri visvamitra priyaya namah
  14. om sri dantaya namah
  15. om sri saranatrana tatparaya namah
  16. om sri vali pramathanaya namah
  17. om sri vagmine namah
  18. om sri satyavace namah
  19. om sri satya vikramaya namah
  20. om sri satya vrataya namah
  21. om sri vrata dharaya namah
  22. om sri sada hanumad asritaya namah
  23. om sri kausaleyaya namah
  24. om sri khara dhvamsine namah
  25. om sri viradha vadha panditaya namah
  26. om sri vibhisana paritratre namah
  27. om sri hara kodanda khandanaya namah
  28. om sri saptatala prabhetre namah
  29. om sri dasa griva siroharaya namah
  30. om sri jamadagnya mahadarpa dalanaya namah
  31. om sri tataka-antakaya namah
  32. om sri vedanta saraya namah
  33. om sri vedatmane namah
  34. om sri bhava rogasya bhesajaya namah
  35. om sri dusana tri sirohantre namah
  36. om sri tri murtaye namah
  37. om sri tri gunatmakaya namah
  38. om sri tri vikramaya namah
  39. om sri tri lokatmane namah
  40. om sri punya caritra kirtanaya namah
  41. om sri tri loka raksakaya namah
  42. om sri dhanvine namah
  43. om sri danda karanya karsanaya namah
  44. om sri ahalya sapa samanaya namah
  45. om sri pitru bhaktaya namah
  46. om sri vara pradaya namah
  47. om sri jitendriyaya namah
  48. om sri jita krodhaya namah
  49. om sri jita mitraya namah
  50. om sri jagad gurave namah
  51. om sri ruksa vanara sanghatine namah
  52. om sri citra kuta samasrayaya namah
  53. om sri jayanta trana varadaya namah
  54. om sri sumitra putra sevitaya namah
  55. om sri sarva devadi devaya namah
  56. om sri mrta vanara jivanaya namah
  57. om sri maya marica hantre namah
  58. om sri maha devaya namah
  59. om sri maha bhujaya namah
  60. om sri sarva deva stutaya namah
  61. om sri saumyaya namah
  62. om sri brahmanyaya namah
  63. om sri muni samstutaya namah
  64. om sri maha yogine namah
  65. om sri maho daraya namah
  66. om sri sugrivepsita rajyadaya namah
  67. om sri sarva punya dhika phalaya namah
  68. om sri smruta sarva ghanasanaya namah
  69. om sri adi purusaya namah
  70. om sri parama purusaya namah
  71. om sri maha purusaya namah
  72. om sri punyo dayaya namah
  73. om sri daya saraya namah
  74. om sri purana purusottamaya namah
  75. om sri smita vaktraya namah
  76. om sri mitabhasine namah
  77. om sri purva bhasine namah
  78. om sri raghavaya namah
  79. om sri ananta guna gambhiraya namah
  80. om sri dhiro datta gunottamaya namah
  81. om sri maya manusa jaritraya namah
  82. om sri maha devadi pujitaya namah
  83. om sri setukrte namah
  84. om sri jita varasaye namah
  85. om sri sarva tirtha mayaya namah
  86. om sri haraye namah
  87. om sri syamangaya namah
  88. om sri sundaraya namah
  89. om sri suraya namah
  90. om sri pitavasaya namah
  91. om sri dhanur dharaya namah
  92. om sri sarva yajna dhipaya namah
  93. om sri yajnaya namah
  94. om sri jara marana varjitaya namah
  95. om sri vibhisana pratisthartre namah
  96. om sri sarvapaguna varjitaya namah
  97. om sri paramatmane namah
  98. om sri para brahmane namah
  99. om sri sac-cid-ananda-vigrahaya namah
  100. om sri paramjyotise namah
  101. om sri param dhamne namah
  102. om sri para kasaya namah
  103. om sri parat paraya namah
  104. om sri paresaya namah
  105. om sri paragaya namah
  106. om sri paraya namah
  107. om sri sarva devatmakaya namah
  108. om sri parasmai namah

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Sri Rama Navami Vrata

On the auspicious appearance day of Lord Ramachandra one has to observe the following:

Wake up early in the morning. It is recommended that one should rise early in the morning, during the brahma-muhurta. The period of one and a half hours before sunrise, is called brahma-muhurta. During this time, spiritual activities are recommended as they have a greater effect than in any other part of the day.

Cleanse yourself and wear fresh clothes. Cleanliness is essential for making advancement in spiritual life. There are two kinds of cleanliness: external and internal. External cleanliness means taking a bath, but for internal cleanliness one has to think of Krishna always and chant Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare / Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare. This process cleans the accumulated dust of past karma from the mind.

Chant Hare Krishna Mahamantra. It is recommended that one should chant a minimum of 16 rounds of the Hare Krishna Mahamantra (1 round = 108 times). These names of the Lord are mentioned in many Puranas and Upanishads, and they are described as the Taraka-brahma nama of this age. You can chant as many rounds of Hare Krishna Mahamantra as possible on this day.

Fasting: It is recommended that one shall fast till sunset on this auspicious day. One who cannot observe a full fast may drink water / take some fruits. You can also relish some Panakam.

Hear the pastimes of Lord Ramachandra: The great epic Ramayana is the narration of Lord Rama’s activities in the world, and the authoritative Ramayana was written by the great poet Valmiki. It is said that Valmiki, the author of Ramayana, underwent austerities for sixty thousand years.

In the Srimad-Bhagavatam Shukadeva Gosvami has summarized this in a few verses.

Chant the Holy Names of Lord Ramachandra: Click here for the 108 names of Lord Ramachandra.

Please contact us at 9967800332 for details on Sri Rama Navami Celebrations  and seva opportunities.

Click to view Grand Sri Ram Navami Celebrations 2018 by Hare Krishna Movement

Sri Ram Navami – Appearance day of Lord Sri Ramachandra

Sri Ramachandra appeared as the son of Dasharatha, the king of Ayodhya, who hailed from the dynasty of Maharaja Ikshvaku (also known as Raghu vamsha). Dasharatha had three wives: Kaushalya, Kaikeyi, and Sumitra, but he had no children. On the advice of Maharishi Vashishtha, the king performed a Putra Kameshti Yajna. As a result, the three wives conceived sons. Kaushalya gave birth to Rama and Kaikeyi gave birth to Bharata. Sumitra gave birth to the twins: Lakshmana and Shatrughna.

The life and activities of Sri Rama are explained in detail by the great sage Valmiki in the epic Ramayana. A summarized version of the Ramayana as narrated by Shukadeva Goswami to Parikshit Maharaja is included in the ninth canto of Srimad-Bhagavatam (Bhagavata Purana).

Sri Rama Navami Celebrations

Sri Rama Navami is one of the important festivals celebrated by Hare Krishna Movement Mumbai. Devotees fast throughout the day and remember Sri Rama, by chanting His holy names or hearing from the Ramayana. They break the fast at sunset. You can also observe Rama Navami Vrata at home.

In the evening the devotees sing the glories of Lord Rama  and have a Grand Celebrations. The celebrations include Kirtans, Bhajans, Abhisheka, Aarati and Maha Prasadam.

We invite you to join the celebrations and take the blessings of the Supreme Lord on this auspicious day.

Do call up 9967800332 for more details on the celebrations and to offer special seva.

Nine processes of Bhakti – Must Read

 

 

There are nine processes of bhakti — hearing, chanting and so on. One of the processes is atma-nivedanam, submitting one’s self to the Supreme Lord. The exemplary devotee who performed this process and received benediction that even great demigods could not attain is King Bali. He is one of the twelve famed mahajanas or great devotees of the Lord, described in the Vedic literature.

 

 


Purpose of the Lord’s incarnation

In the beginning of Treta yuga, King Bali ruled as the king of demons. He was the grandson of King Prahlada, who had pleased the Supreme Lord with his pure devotion at a very young age. Nevertheless, King Bali was ambitious to become the sovereign of all the three worlds. He had gained victory over the king of heaven, Indra and taken away his kingdom.

King Indra and other demigods, being frustrated and shelter-less took shelter of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Krishna. They were aware that only the Supreme Lord can help them because King Bali was guided by Shukracharya, the expert spiritual master of the demons. They prayed that the Lord might conquer the demon-king and re-instate them in their kingdom. The all-merciful Supreme Lord being kind upon the pleading demigods decided to appear as the son of Aditi.

The Lord’s appearance & form
When He appeared from the womb of Aditi, He was equipped with a disc, club, lotus and conchshell—the symbols of Lord Vishnu. After His appearance, the Lord assumed the form of a beautiful dwarf (vamana) brahmana boy. Great sages performed rituals for the Lord’s birth ceremony, and when the Lord received the sacred thread worn by brahmanas; demigods came from all over the universe to offer Him gifts. Lord Vamanadeva’s effulgent form is beyond description. He is decorated with a shika (small tuft of hair) on the back of His head and with a tilaka on His forehead. He carries an umbrella in one hand and a kamandalu (small water container) in the other. Tucked under one of His arms is a danda or stick. He wears yellow clothes and a lion-skin or a deerskin cloth around His waist, which is often tied with an Upavita cord. He wears a pair of earrings which are significant. His third finger bears a ring made from darbha (dried grass).

Lord Vamana begs for charity
King Bali was determined to perform 100 ashwamedha yagnas (sacrifice), as per his spiritual master Shukracharya’s instruction. He had completed 99 sacrifices successfully. In each of the sacrifices, he had performed all the rituals, given away riches in charity to qualified brahmanas and received their blessings. Lord Vamana arrives at Bali’s sacrificial arena. Seeing the beautiful form of Lord Vamana as a brahmana boy with an umbrella and kamandalu in His hands and a beautiful captivating smile on His face, King Bali becomes happy and feels himself fortunate to receive such a brahmana. When it is Lord Vamana’s turn to receive charity, King Bali offers Him whatever riches and material wealth He would like, but Lord Vamana refuses everything and states that He would just like three paces of land measured with His own feet. King Bali finds the dwarf brahmana’s request amusingly small and is ready to grant it.

King-Bali-rejects-his-spiritual-master

Shukracharya, the king’s spiritual master, recognized that the dwarf brahmana, being Krishna Himself, could respond by taking away everything the king had. So he urged King Bali not to grant Vamana’s request.

When describing this pastime, Srila Prabhupada states – “But his spiritual master, so-called spiritual master, he could understand that ’This boy is Vishnu, God Himself. He has come to cheat this Bali.’ So he asked his disciple, ’Don’t promise any charity to Him. Because He is God, He will take your everything. Once you agree to offer something, then He will take yourself also.’ God is very intelligent. Once you engage yourself in Krishna consciousness, there is no way out. You cannot go out. You cannot go out. He is so kind. As once you become sincerely a surrendered soul to Krishna, then there is no way out. You have to be Krishna conscious. You have to continue to be Krishna conscious. You cannot do otherwise.” – Lecture on Bhagavad Gita 9.26-27, December 16, 1966.

But Bali Maharaja rejected even his own spiritual master and agreed to grant Lord Vamana the boon which He had asked. Srila Prabhupada explains – “So Bali Maharaja is one of the mahajanas whose footprints we have to follow. He has given tacit example. Anyone who is against God, he should be at once rejected. Never mind what he is. Yes. Never mind what he is. He should at once be rejected. This is the example of Bali Maharaja.” – Lecture on Bhagavad Gita 9.26-27, December 16, 1966.

Lord Vamana assumes a new form
After receiving the promise of charity from King Bali, Lord Vamana assumed a gigantic form and covered the entire earth with one step and with His second step He covered the entire universe. Then Lord Vamana asked Bali where He could put His third step. This form of Lord Vamana is known as Trivikrama, “one who took three great steps.”

Bali’s atma-nivedanam
Bali realized that Shukracharya was right in identifying Vamana to be the Supreme Lord Himself. But Bali did not feel cheated or tricked, rather, he was overwhelmed with joy to be able to offer everything he had, to the Supreme Lord. Even after he was left with nothing to offer, Bali was determined to keep up his promise of charity. Without a second thought, happily with devotion, Bali offered his own head as the place for the Lord’s third footstep, thus revealing himself to be a surrendered devotee of the Lord. Lord Trivikrama put His foot on King Bali’s head.

The Lord’s benediction to King Bali
Being pleased by Bali’s complete surrender unto Him, Lord Vamana gave him in exchange the greater kingdom of Sutala-loka with all its riches. Not just that, the Lord decided to serve His great devotee and took up the post of doorkeeper at Bali’s palace in Sutala-loka. When Ravana set out to conquer the whole world, Lord Vamana defended the palace gates of King Bali in Sutala-loka. When Sage Durvasa begged Lord Vamana to leave Bali for some time and defend him against the demon Kusha, Lord Vamana refused to do so without Bali’s permission.

This is what God can do if you surrender unto Him
Bali surrendered everything, his very self at the Lord’s lotus feet and served Him with atma-nivedanam. The Supreme Lord gave Himself to this great devotee and served him as a door-keeper.

There is a divine competition between the Supreme Personality of Godhead Krishna and His pure devotees. It is a divine competition of glorifying one another. Devotees want to glorify their sweet Lord to the maximum capacity possible by them. The Supreme Lord wants His devotees to become more glorious by showing their exemplary qualities through His various pastimes.

One who gives to Krishna is never a loser; he gets a million-fold back from Him.

Gaur Purnima- Appearance day of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

Iskcon Bangalore

 

The Supreme Lord Sri Krishna appeared as Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to establish Sankirtana (chanting of the Holy Names) – the Yuga Dharma for this age of Kali. He appeared on Phalguni Purnima, the full moon day in the month of Phalguna, (Feb-March) in the year 1486 AD (1407 Shakabda) at Sridham Mayapura as the son of Sri Jagannath Mishra and Srimati Sachidevi. His parents named him Nimai since he was born under a nimba (neem) tree in the courtyard of His paternal house. His appearance day is celebrated as Gaura Purnima.

This year we are celebrating Sri Gaura Purnima on March 21, 2019. You may offer the following special on this day and seek the blessings of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Contact 9967800332 to know more or click here  to offer Donations.

The celebration begins in the evening. Devotees perform maha sankirtana to please the Supreme Lord. As everyone joins in the sankirtana, the Hare Krishna maha mantra resounds in every corner of the temple.

After the procession, the Deities of Nitai Gauranga receive a grand abhisheka.

Pastimes of the lordships are discussed.

 

Their Lordships are first bathed with panchamrita and then with panchagavya followed by various fruit juices. Devotees chant prayers from the Brahma-samhita, glorifying the Lord. A grand arati is performed to the accompaniment of the Gaura Arati song composed by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura. After the arati, the Deities are bathed with sanctified water .

Their Lordships then receive pushpa vrishti (showering of flowers) and a special offering of dishes is made.

 

On this day, devotees fast till moonrise and break their fast by taking anukalpa feast (made from non-grains). On the following day, they offer a special feast to the Lord which is called Jagannath Mishra Feast, named after Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s father, who arranged a grand feast to celebrate the birth of his son.

Do join us  and seek blessings of the Lordships.

10 Scriptures that Reveal Lord Chaitanya’s Identity as Lord Krishna

Check out the verses from Mahabharata and some of the Puranas which disclose the fact that Lord Chaitanya is the Supreme Lord.

Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the pioneer of the modern Hare Krishna movement, appeared in Mayapur, West Bengal over 500 years ago. He is Krishna Himself, who appeared to inaugurate the yuga-dharma – the Harinama Sankirtana (congregational chanting of the holy names of the Lord). He never disclosed Himself as the incarnation of the Lord and exemplified the life of a perfect devotee, so that others can follow in His footsteps. However, this fact is corroborated in many authorized scriptures and also confirmed by great spiritual masters of our sampradaya. The descriptions of Lord Chaitanya in terms of His appearance, bodily features, characteristics and pastimes as found in the several works of His celebrated associates and great devotees completely conform to those predicted in the Vedic literatures. In this article we present certain important verses from some of the well-known Vedic literatures to substantiate the identity of Lord Chaitanya as the Supreme Lord Krishna.

 

(1) Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.32)

Harinam-Sankirtana-Movement

krishna-varnam tvishakrishnam sangopangastra-parshadam
yajnaih sankirtana-prayair yajanti hi sumedhasah

In the age of Kali, intelligent persons perform congregational chanting to worship the incarnation of Godhead who constantly sings the holy name of Krishna. Although His complexion is not blackish, He is Krishna Himself. He is accompanied by His associates, servants, weapons and confidential companions.

krsna-varnam: This word denotes that Lord Chaitanya belongs to the category of Krishna or in other words He is Krishna Himself. krsna-varnam also means one who constantly chants the name of Lord Krishna.

tvisa akrsnam: His bodily complexion is not black. He appeared in golden-like yellow complexion.

sangopangastra-parsadam: Lord Chaitanya is always accompanied by His confidential associates like Lord Nityananda, Advaita Acharya, Sri Gadadhara Pandita, Srivasa Acharya, Haridasa Thakura, etc. In other incarnations, the Lord sometimes made use of His weapons to defeat or kill the demons, but in this age the Lord subdues the demonic mentality with His all-attractive figure of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu who freely distributes Krishna-prema, pure love of Krishna. That is His weapon.

(2) Vishnu-sahasra-nama stotra from Mahabharata
Each of the 1000 names contained in the Vishnu-sahasra-nama stotra that is found in the Mahabharata, glorifies one or more aspects of the Supreme Lord’s transcendental forms, qualities, pastimes, etc.

The following names indicate the bodily features of Lord Chaitanya.

suvarna-varno hemango varangas candanangadi

suvarna-varna: He has a golden complexion.
hemanga: He has the appearance of molten gold.
varanga: He is exquisitely beautiful.
candanangadi: The Lord’s body is smeared with sandalwood pulp.

Lord Chaitanya’s qualities and activities are described in the following names.

sannyasa-krc chamah santo nistha-santi-parayanah

sannyasa-krt: He accepts the renounced order of life. (Lord Chaitanya accepted sannyasa at the age of 24.)
sama: He is fully sense-controlled or equipoised.
santa: He is completely peaceful.
nistha: He is rigidly fixed in the chanting of the holy name of Lord Krishna.
santi-parayana: He is the highest abode of devotion and peace. He silences the impersonalist philosophers. (Lord Chaitanya defeated many eminent mayavadis in philosophical debates and converted them to Vaishnavism.)

(3) Garuda Purana
Chaitanya-Maha-Prabhu-with-this-Mother-Srimati-Shachi-Devi

The Supreme Lord says:

aham purno bhavisyami yuga-sandhyau visesatah
mayapure navadvipe bhavisyami saci-sutah

In the first part of Kali-yuga, I will appear in my complete spiritual form in Mayapura, Navadvipa and become the son of Shachi.

Sri Chaitanya was born in Mayapura (a subsection of the holy town of Navadvipa, West Bengal) as the son of Srimati Shachi devi in the year 1486, about 4,500 years after the beginning of the Kali-yuga.

Chaitanya-Prabhu-at-Lord-Jagannatha

It is also stated in this purana:

kaleh prathama-sandhyayam laksmi-kanto bhavisyati
daru-brahma-samipa-sthah sannyasi gaura-vigrahah

In the first part of Kali-yuga, the Supreme Lord in the golden complexion will become the husband of Lakshmi. Then He will become a sannyasi and reside near Lord Jagannatha.

Sri Chaitanya married His eternal consort Srimati Lakshmipriya and later took sannyasa at the age of 24. After the acceptance of sannyasa, He left Navadvipa and resided in Puri, the holy city of Lord Jagannatha in Orissa. Lord Jagannatha in Puri is also referred to as daru-brahma in the Puranas as the Deities here are made from Neem wood. The word daru means wood in Sanskrit.

Chaitanya-Maha-Prabhu-Arm-Decorated-with-a-Bamboo-Stick1

yo reme saha-ballavi ramayate vrndavane ‘har-nisam
yah kamsam ni jaghana kaurava-rane yah pandavanam sakha
so ‘yam vainava-danda-mandita-bhujah sannyasa-vesah svayam
nihsandeham upagatah ksiti-tale caitanya-rupah prabhuh

The Supreme Lord who took delight in His pastimes with the gopis, who filled the residents of Vrindavana with joy day and night, who slew Kamsa, and who made friends with the Pandavas in the battle between the Kauravas, will without any doubt, come again to the earth. He will be a sannyasi with the name Chaitanya whose arm will be decorated with a bamboo stick.

It is clear from this verse that Lord Krishna Himself appeared as Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. According to the custom, a sannyasi is supposed to carry a bamboo stick (danda). Lord Chaitanya carried a single bamboo stick as He was an eka-danda sannyasi.

(4) Narasimha Purana
satye daitya-kuladhi-nasa-samaye
simhordhva-martyakrtis
tretayam dasa-kandharam
paribhavan rameti namakrtih

gopalan paripalayan vraja-pure
bharam haran dvapare
gaurangah priya-kirtanah
kali-yuge caitanya-nama-prabhuh

The Supreme Lord who assumed the form of a half-man, half-lion in the Satya-yuga to cure a dreadful disease that had devastated the Daityas, and who appearing as Rama conquered the ten-headed Ravana in the Treta-yuga, and who removed the burden of the earth in the Dvapara-yuga and protected the cowherd men of Vraja-pura, will be the Lord by name Chaitanya in the Kali-yuga. He will have a golden form and He will take pleasure in chanting the Lord’s holy names.

(5) Padma Purana
The Supreme Lord states:

kaleh prathama-sandhyayam gaurangotham mahi-tale
bhagirathi-tate ramie bhavisyami saci-sutah

I shall take birth as the son of Shachi assuming a golden form in a beautiful place on the bank of the Bhagirathi (Ganges) on the earth in the first part of Kali-yuga.

Mayapura, the birth place of Sri Chaitanya is on the banks of the Ganges. There is a similar verse in the Brahma Purana predicting the appearance of Lord Chaitanya.

(6) Narada Purana
The Supreme Personality of Godhead says:

aham eva kalau vipra nityam pracchanna-vigrahah
bhagavad-bhakta-rupena lokan raksami sarvada

O brahmana, I will deliver all the worlds, concealing myself in the form of a devotee of the Lord in Kali-yuga.

divija bhuvi jayadhvam jayadhvam bhakta-rupinah
kalau sankirtanarambhe bhavisyami saci-sutah

O demigods, please advent on the earth as devotees in Kali-yuga. To inaugurate sankirtana, I will incarnate as the son of Shachi.

(7) Bhavishya Purana
Chaitanya-Maha-Prabhu-doing-Sankirtana-during-Jagannatha-Ratha-Yatra

The Supreme Lord states:

anandasru-kala-roma-harsa-purnam tapo-dhana
sarve mama eva draksyanti kalau sannyasa-rupinam

O austere sage, everyone will see My transcendental form as a sannyasi in the age of Kali. I will be displaying symptoms like shedding tears of bliss and hairs standing on end out of ecstasy.

Lord Chaitanya was always merged in the ocean of transcendental ecstasy while chanting the names of Krishna and dancing during sankirtana. He felt intense separation from the Lord and due to those devotional feelings displayed various ecstatic symptoms of pure love for Krishna, such as incessant tears, voice choking up, hairs on the body standing on end etc.

(8) Vayu Purana
The Supreme Lord says:

paurnamasyam phalgunasya phalguni-rksa-yogatah
bhavisye gaura-rupena saci-garbhe purandarat

On the full moon day of the month of Phalguna, conjoined with the star Phalguni, I will appear in a golden form begotten by Purandara in the womb of Shachi.

Lord Chaitanya was born on the full moon day in the month of Phalguna. His father was known by the names Jagannatha Mishra and Purandara Mishra.

svarnadi-tiram asthaya navadvipe janasraye
tatra dvija-kulam prapto bhavisyami janalaye

I will appear in a brahmana family in Navadvipa, by the shore of the Ganges.

Appearing-in-a-Golden-Form

bhakti-yoga-pradanaya lokasyanugrahaya ca
sannyasa-rupam asthaya krsna-caitanya-nama-dhrk

In order to engage the people in devotional service and bestow mercy upon them, I will take sannyasa, accepting the name Krishna Chaitanya.

(9) Matsya Purana
The following statement is made by the Lord:

mundo gaurah su-dirghangas tri-srotas-tira-sambhavah
dayaluh kirtana-grahi bhavisyami kalau yuge

In the age of Kali, I will be golden colour. I will be tall and will have a shaven head. The place where I take birth will be a meeting point of three rivers. I will be very merciful and I will keenly engage in chanting the holy names.

Lord Chaitanya, being an eka-danda sannyasi had a completely shaven head as was the custom for such sannyasis. Three rivers – the Ganges, the Yamuna and the Saraswati (which is currently in her hidden form) – flow at Navadvipa.

(10) Skanda Purana
Goldren-form-of-The-Supreme-Lord

The Supreme Lord states:

antah krsnah bahir gaurah sangopangastra-parsadah
saci-garbhe samapnuyam maya-manusa-karma-krt

Inwardly Krishna but outwardly of golden form, I will be accompanied by My associates, servants, weapons, and confidential companions. Taking My birth in the womb of Shachi, I will accept the role of a human being.

Women and Family: social value

What is the importance of the family in society? Are men and women the same? What value, particularly, do women have to social peace and harmony? If women have a special role, how is it best accomplished? The article from First Things gives a simple and interesting perspective.

Following is an excerpt from a lecture by Srila Prabhupada about the value of family and women:
“We were students of economics and there was a book, Marshall’s Economics. That Mr. Marshall is explaining that economic impetus begins from family affection, family affection. Unless one has got family, he will not try to earn. He will not try to earn money. He will be irresponsible. Therefore, it is essential. When one is given some responsible post, he becomes more focused on money. I know someone from an English firm in India, I had some connection with him. So, he was simply trying to know, “The man who is going to work for us, whether he is family man?” Because unless he is a family man, he has no attraction. He can give up the job at any moment. Because there is no family attraction. This is the psychology. Therefore, according to Vedic civilization, it is the duty of the parents to get the sons and daughters married so that they will have family attraction, they will be established, they will be organized, and things will go nicely. If there is no family attraction, no responsibility, then the things will not go nicely. This is the basic principle.

So anyway, the family attraction is required for regulated life. If there is no family attraction, there is no regulated life. We have got very good experience of these things. So family attraction is required. It is not that it is rejected. It is required for regulated life. Unregulated life cannot make any progress. Therefore, in the Vedic civilization, the grhastha-asrama is recommended. Everyone should be married and everyone should live.”

Sri Madhvacharya- One of India’s greatest saint-philosophers.

 

Sri Madhvacharya (1238-1317 A.D), also known as Vasudeva, Ananda Tirtha and Purnaprajna, is one of India’s greatest saint-philosophers. He was born of Tulu speaking parents at Udupi, Karnataka.

 

 


The young Vasudeva, (Madhva’s boyhood name) expressed a desire to become an ascetic when he was eight years old. Madhva’s parents naturally objected and so it was not until he was about 16 years of age that he was able to leave home and become a sannyasi. From then on, the young Vasudeva became known as Ananda Tirtha, the name given to him by his sannyasa guru. Ananda Tirtha later assumed the name Madhva by which he is most commonly known today.

The philosophy he preached was previously known as ‘tattvavada’. Now it is known as ‘dwaita’. He boldly told a Muslim king: “By whatever name you may call, God is One.” He maintained that one’s religion is not decided by birth but by his nature and personality.

Shankaracharya’s doctrine of Advaita Vedanta produced a profound dissatisfaction in the mind of the young Madhva, which often brought him into conflict with his teachers. In fact, Madhva’s objection to Advaita Vedanta became the most compelling force in his life and he spent much of his adult life arguing against this view of the world.

After studying in Udupi, Madhva traveled to Tamil Nadu where he continued to meet and debate with advaita scholars. Madhva soon returned to Udupi, but after a short time he left to visit Veda Vyasa at Badari in the northern Himalayas. Many months passed and when he finally appeared he was resplendent and joyful. He had received the blessings of Vyasa. Upon his return to Udupi, he immediately began to write his famous Brahma-sutra commentary.

Soon Madhva started his own temple in Udupi by installing a beautiful Deity of Bala Krishna. He obtained this Deity by rescuing a ship in distress near the coast of Udupi. Madhvacharya signaled the ship to shore by waving lamps and flags. Convinced that it was through the grace of Madhva that the ship was saved, the ship’s captain offered him a gift. Madhva chose the clay (gopi-chandana) that was used for the ship’s ballast. Upon washing the clay, Madhvacharya discovered a beautiful Deity of Sri Krishna, which He personally carried to Udupi and began to worship. This Deity of Krishna is still worshipped today in the central temple of Udupi. Madhva’s Udupi temple is one of the most important Krishna temples in India. The lamp beside this Deity of Krishna was lit by Madhvacharya himself and has never been extinguished.

During his lifetime, Madhvacharya wrote many important commentaries on the Upanishads, Bhagavad-gita, Brahma-sutra, Mahabharata and the Bhagavata-purana. The final years of Madhva were spent in teaching and worship. In the end he instructed his followers not to sit still, but to go forth and preach.His biographers tell how Madhvacharya disappeared one evening while reciting his favorite text, the Aitareya Upanishad.